Dr Öncel Yakar’s comments
There are groups in which gallstones are more common, indicating about 10-20% of the adult population. Advancing age is considered an important risk factor, as the disease is increasingly seen in the age of 40 and above. It is about twice as common in women than men. Factors such as pregnancy, use of birth control pills, and obesity increase the risk of gallstones through hormonal mechanisms. A diet that is rich in cholesterol or fat but low in fiber is also an important lifestyle risk factor. It is more common in those with a family history of gallstones. The frequency of gallstones increases with certain liver diseases and the use of certain drugs. There is no valid method for risk reduction other than general health recommendations such as a healthy diet, weight control, adequate fluid consumption, and exercising.