Dr Öncel Yakar’s comments
If there is no complaint due to gallstones (i.e., if it is detected in control examinations but does not cause any problems), treatment is not recommended, except in special cases. Asymptomatic gallstones do not need to be treated.
However, planned or emergency gallbladder surgery is recommended according to the current clinical picture in patients with gallbladder stones and related complaints as well as in patients with complications related to these stones. Today, as a standard, the gallbladder is separated from the anatomical structures to which it is attached by entering the abdomen with the laparoscopic (minimally invasive) method and is completely removed along with the stones inside. As with kidney stones, only stone-oriented interventions are not suitable for gallbladder stones due to the nature of the disease. Even though gallstones can be dissolved after months of treatment with some drugs, new stones form since the main problem continues. This method can only be tried if the patient is at high risk for surgery in order to reduce their complaints.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder with a minimally invasive method) is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures all over the world. As with any interventional procedure, there are complications that may be associated with this surgery. The patient and his relatives are informed in detail about this in treatment planning, and the surgery is performed after obtaining the appropriate consent form from the patient. Patients are allowed oral intake 6 hours after the operation and are sent home after a one-day hospital stay under normal conditions.