What should mothers pay attention to during breastfeeding?

Assoc. Prof. Didem Öncel Yakar

Dr Öncel Yakar’s comments

One of the main components of effective breastfeeding is adequate fluid intake. Although the required amount varies from person to person, basal intake must be increased. Likewise, since the daily calorie needs of breastfeeding women increase, this need should be supported, especially with a protein-rich diet. Grain intake should be increased in order to increase breastfeeding and its quality, beverages and certain vegetables that can cause bloating to the baby should be avoided, alcohol and cigarette use should be avoided in this period, as in all areas of healthy life. During the lactation period, the increasing vitamin and mineral requirement of the mother such as B and D vitamins, Calcium, Iron and Folic acid should be supported with appropriate preparations. Although dieting for weight loss is not recommended during lactation period, it should definitely be followed under the control of Nutrition and Dietetics specialists if necessary.

Breast tissue consists of milk ducts and mammary glands (lobuloalveolar secretory unit) in adipose tissue. These structures complete their development at different stages with different hormonal effects. Breast development is not completed in women who have not given birth. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, there are serious changes in the breast tissue with the intense hormonal effect, thus milk production and nutrition of the baby are provided by one of the most miraculous processes of nature. In terms of breast health, it is recommended that every woman over the age of 40 should have a breast screening annually. However, breast health follow-up protocols during pregnancy and breastfeeding are tailored to the individual.

Knowing these processes closely as both a female surgeon and a mother, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Didem Öncel Yakar answers your questions about breast health issues that arise during pregnancy and breastfeeding. May health be with us in every moment of our lives.